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Pediatric occupational therapyGoals of pediatric occupational therapy:
Pediatric occupational therapy services at Sanford Health focus on the following areas:
Sensory integration processing disorders: Children may show difficulties with processing information received through the senses. Children may show sensitivity or aversion to sensory experiences, including sight, sound, touch, smell, movement, body awareness. This also includes oral skills of tolerating food textures.
Activities of daily living (ADLs) delay: Children may demonstrate delays in dressing skills including fasteners (zippers, buttoning), feeding self, eating, grooming skills (brushing teeth, etc.) and transfer skills (moving on/off toilet, shower/tub). Pediatric OTs will complete training and use of adaptive devices.
Fine motor skills delay: Children exhibiting delays in reach, grasp, functional usage of tools to draw and cut may benefit from pediatric OT to enhance their skills by addressing, strength, dexterity, bilateral coordination and eye-hand coordination skills.
Visual-motor skills delay: Children with delay in visual-motor skills may show difficulty with prewriting skills of drawing shapes, drawing a person, writing letters and numbers, cutting a line or shapes, completing puzzles and mazes, etc.
Visual-perceptual skill delay: Children may have difficulties with identifying shapes, colors and other qualities including orientation of objects or shapes in space (reversals of letters/numbers), completing puzzles, etc.
Decrease upper extremity strength and range of motion: Pediatric OTs provide treatment and education to improve strength, joint mobility and positioning of arm for functional use in fine motor play and activities of daily living.
Upper extremity splinting and casting: Children may exhibit abnormal muscle tone, neglect of one upper extremity, or injuries which may require maintaining position, correcting motion, or to promote function of an arm, hand, wrist, etc.
Equipment needs assessment: An assessment of the following equipment may be required after a surgery or injury, or for children with special needs: wheelchair (manual/power), adaptive toilet seat, dressing equipment, shower/tub chair and feeding/positioning chair. This also includes assessment of a child's accessibility and location of communication devices or assistive technology.
In addition to the listed treatment areas above, pediatric OT would be indicated for the following diagnoses or impairments: